PRODUCTION ECONOMICS AND MARKETING OF POTATO IN OKHALDHUNGA, NEPAL
Bibek Phulara, Bibek Acharya, Susmita Adhikari, Bhawana Ojha, Udit Prakash Sigdel
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Potato is a major staple food crops in the hilly region of Nepal. To assess the production economics and marketing of potato, a study was conducted at Siddicharan municipality and Molung rural municipality of Okhaldhunga, Nepal in 2019. Altogether 60 samples, 30 from each location were selected randomly Economic analysis was performed through cost benefit analysis and Cobb Douglas Production function. Amongst the different variety used by the farmers, Kufri Jyoti was the most preferred variety. The main constraints in potato production were shortage of irrigational structure followed by low information on use of chemical fertilizer, lack of labour at the time of harvesting, insufficient quantity of manure, prevalence of middle man, high cost of transportation and unavailability of improved seed. The mean difference between the farm gate price and market price of Siddicharan and Molung was 7.33 and 5.96 respectively which were statistically significant at p value less than 0.1. The overall average benefit cost ratio was found to be 1.23 in which Siddicharan and Molung had BC ratio of 1.55 and 0.99 respectively which was significant at p value less than 0.01 which indicated that farming in Molung was not profitable. Overall the seed cost, labour cost, FYM cost and bullocks cost should be increased by 900%, 186.95%, 101.88% and 626.31% respectively and chemical cost, machinery cost and transportation cost should be decreased by 99.98%, 73.11% and 99.57% respectively. Return to scale was found to be 0.227 which implies that it was increasing at decreasing rate of return. This study will enable the marketing institutions to orient their efforts towards efficient Production and Marketing of potato in Okhaldhunga.