DIFFERENTIAL RESPONSE OF SPACING AND MULCHING MATERIALS ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF OKRA (ABELMOSCHUS ESCULENTUS L.) IN MORANG, NEPAL.
Barun Panthi, Chandan K. Shreevastav, Dipak Kattel, Januka Dahal
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One of the main vegetable crops grown by farmers in Nepal in the summer is okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.). Its total yield growth and quality are pretentious by diverse cultivation methods. This study was directed at Jahada -4 Morang, Nepal from 23 February to 30 May 2022. Three replications of the field experiment were conducted using the random complete block design (RCBD). Three inter-row spacings (30, 40, and 60) and three different types of mulching ingredients make up the treatment (silver plastic, paddy straw and bare soil or no mulch). The objective of this study was to determine how differently inter-row spacing and mulching materials affected okra development and yield. Okra produced the most (582.10 g/plant) when mulched with silver plastic, followed by paddy straw (502.74 g/plant), bare soil, and no mulch (445.26 g/plant), in that order. The germination percentage, DAS to first flowering, plant height, branch count, pod length, pod weight, yield per plant, and yield per plot are all improved by using silver plastic mulch. The spacing provide no significant effect however yield of okra was highest (20,9625 g/plot) under 30×30 spacing followed by (15,786 g/plot) under 45×30 and (11,824.37 g/plot) under 60x30cm respectively. Silver plastic mulch combined with 30×30 the greatest okra production was achieved by spacing. This study recommends that farmers of the Morang increase yield, and cultivate okra under a layer of silver plastic mulch at a spacing of 30 * 30 cm.